Will the National Park open to the public? Official response
Will the national park open to the public? "National Park as the name is also the park of the people, insisting that all the public welfare is one of the important concepts of the national park, so it must be open to the public.
Tang Xiaoping, Dean of the National Park Research Institute, revealed that according to the current planning, the national park is planned to be controlled by the core protected area and the general control area, in principle, in principle, only the scientific research, investigation, monitoring and other activities, and general The scope of the control area is open to the tourist. The National Park will establish Ticket appointment system in the public to establish Tang Xiaoping, in order to meet the public into nature, close to the natural requirements, will build some natural education base, science base, wild Observational points, including camping, hiking, explanation system, etc., mainly carry out natural education, natural recreation and ecological experience.
Tang Xiaoping pointed out that there is still a difference in tourism activities and mass travel in the national park, one is the model to implement management rights and management rights in the future, and some operating activities have taken privileges in addition to public welfare activities. Operating. According to reports, in the national park, according to the environmental capacity, reasonable identification of the number or daily visitors, establish ticket appointment systems, scientifically calculate the entire operating cost, reflecting the property of public welfare.
"In principle, public welfare projects may be free, business projects implement franchise, according to each project feature, less charge, mainly to strictly control the price of operating services, the main purpose is to let the public enter the country Park, you can feel the beauty of nature and promote the beauty of the National Park.
"Tang Xiaoping said. The National Park entered the rapid development stage" The first national park officially established, marking the innovation of the national park system in our country, marking our national park business from the pilot phase to the rapid development stage. "Li Chunliang said that in the new period, the construction of the national park should keep in mind the three concepts of ecological protection first, national representative, national public welfare national park.
Li Chunliang pointed out that mainly adheres to three principles: First, adhere to national positions, reflect national interests, realize the sharing of all people, highlight Chinese civilization. Second, insist on system thinking, it is necessary to protect highly natural natural ecological space with high global value and high recognition, and also take into account the feasibility of protection. Third, adhere to the scientific layout, to start from the perspective of ecology, with the latest achievements of our third land survey, respect the natural law, we must identify the vacancies of these nature protection, integrate nature protection space, and achieve important natural ecology The overall protection of the administrative region and cross-river basin.
Li Chunliang said that the national park has set up just a starting point, so the next step will build it well. To organize the overall planning of five national parks, form a good park management organization, and register the definition of the discovery of the natural resource assets based on the border range of approval, and also follow the specific ecological issues of each national park. Targeted natural protection, ecological protection and ecological restoration, to do a good job in protecting and community coordination, strengthening the construction of infrastructure such as protective sites, inspections, scientific research and teachers, enhancing the management capabilities of national parks, and leading the whole nature The development of the protection ground.
The National Park provides more access to the public. According to Li Chunliang, according to the ecological value and protection strength, my country’s natural protection system is divided into three levels of national parks, nature reserves, and natural parks, including the national parks. The highest protection level.
"Building a national park is to protect the natural ecosystem, the most unique, natural landscape, the most essential natural heritage, the most enriched biodiversity, to reflect global value, national symbols and national identity, support and leading my country The construction and development of natural protective land system. "Li Chunliang emphasized that national parks are dominated by national rights, effective planning and management of natural space across administrative areas and large scale needs national overall planning. In the new period of comprehensive promotion of ecological civilization and beautiful China, there is a problem of establishing a national park system for the presence of the space overlap in the existing natural protection, the border is unclear, unclear, and the contradiction and development contradiction. Li Chunliang took place in the Giant Panda National Park, the park will be partially affiliated with different departments and 69 natural protection of different administrative regions, which significantly improve the connectivity of natural ecosystems, and make 13 relatively independent giant pandas. The local population is connected. Thus, the segmentation of the department, local interests and administrative system, effectively solve the cross-overlapping, multi-man-managed fragmentation problem, establish a unified and efficient management system, implement the most stringent protection, and improve my country’s natural ecosystem protection level. "National Park is a natural cultural form for forging for future human living space. The National Park is the most beautiful country, and has more scientific research, education and recreational function, will provide more close nature, understanding nature, and enjoy natural opportunities. To provide quality ecological products and services to the whole society, achieving national sharing and generation inheritance.
"Li Chunliang said. Guiding the green development transformation of the original residents and gradually improve the ecological compensation policy. At present, how to deal with the contradiction between local protection and development, is a general concern in the process of building a national park. Tang Xiaoping said that there are many people in my country, develop The history is long, so the biggest problem in the construction of my country’s national park is to protect the production and life of the original residents.
In this regard, it is still necessary to firmly establish and practice green mountains and is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan. In the near future, the following three measures were mainly taken: First, do a good job in planning for each national park, partition implementation control. National parks still have to emphasize the idea of ??keeping in mind the first ecological protection, the key areas of the ecosystem, ecological sensitive areas and biodiversity, and the most enriched areas, and implement strict protection.
Therefore, the original industrial and mining enterprises, villages and towns, and development projects should be returned. If there are some villages or temporarily can’t quit, you can set a transition period, and you can exit.
The second is to guide the green development transformation of the original residents. Especially in innovative models, give priority to local residents or local companies to participate in national park franchise projects, support local residents engaged in some business activities such as forest economics and agricultural experience, and promote the transformation of park residents. It also encourages activities such as nature education, ecological experience, and science, guided and supporting local governments to establish some entrance communities in the surroundings or entrances of the National Park, develop specialty towns, and enhance public service levels.
The third is to gradually improve the ecological compensation policy. In particular, some ecological protection compensation mechanisms such as forestry, grassland, wetlands, and desert are also guided by the establishment of some differential ecological compensation policies. In particular, considering local governments and local residents have some causes such as ecological protection and development projects, the central government transfer payment should also be tilted in the region where the national park is located. "At the same time, we must also explore the establishment of wild animals to compensate for the insurance system, improve the ecological drain, encourage and attract local residents to participate in the protection and management of national parks, so that local residents are also the management of national parks, enhanced The sense of local residents. "Tang Xiaoping said.
(Editor: Li Nanhua, Gao Lei) Sharing let more people see the recommended reading.